Trenitalia Frecce operates a train from Padua to Modena hourly. Tickets cost $20 - $29 and the journey takes 57 min. Trenitalia Frecce also services this route every 30 minutes. Alternatively, FlixBus operates a bus from Padua to Modena 5 times a day. Tickets cost $7 - $12 and the journey takes 1 h 30 min. Autolinee Gambioli also services this route twice a week.
From Padova train to Bologna C.Le then train to Modena. 1 h 37 min 24€. From Padua, Padova bus to Bologna then bus to Modena. 3 h 5 min 12€. From Padua drive to Modena. 1 h 34 min 23€. From Padua rideshare to Modena. 2 h 8 min 7€.