Pimpri Chinchwad, Pune (IAST: Piṃprī Ciñcvaḍ) is the extended city limits of Pune, and part of the Pune Metropolitan Region. However, it is a separate city from Pune with its own taluka and municipal corporation. The modern area developed from what were rural suburbs of Pune as a result of rapid industrialization that began within a decade after Indian independence in 1947. It is situated at an altitude of above sea level, about northwest of the historic center of Pune. Pimpri Chinchwad, Pune, as well as the cantonment areas of Pune Camp, Khadki and Dehu Road together form the urban core of the Pune Metropolitan Region. According to the 2011 census, It has a population of 1.72 million residing in an area of. It is home to a vast variety of industrial establishments and is well known for its automotive and manufacturing industry which call up Pune as the automobile manufacturing hub of India.