Shoham (שֹׁהַם, lit. onyx) is a town (local council) in the Central District of Israel. The name relates to one of the 12 stones on the Hoshen, the sacred breastplate worn by a Jewish high priest (Exodus 28:20), similar to other nearby towns: Nofekh, Bareket, Leshem and Ahlama (the former name of Beit Arif). As of, Shoham had a population of. Its jurisdiction is 5,889 dunams (~5.9 km2).