Mathura (pronunciation) is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is located approximately 55 km north of Agra, and 145 km south-east of Delhi; about 11 km from the town of Vrindavan, and 22 km from Govardhan. It is the administrative centre of Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh. In ancient times, Mathura was an economic hub, located at the junction of important caravan routes. The 2011 Census of India estimated the population of Mathura at 441,894.