Kottayam is a city in the Indian state of Kerala. Kottayam literally means the interior of a fort – Kotta + Akam. Kottayam is a city in the Indian province of Kerala. Flanked by the Western Ghats on the east and the Vembanad Lake and paddy fields of Kuttanad on the west, Kottayam is a place that is known for extraordinary qualities. It is the district headquarters of Kottayam district, located in south-west Kerala. Kottayam is located in the basin of the Meenachil River at an average elevation of 3 m above sea level, and has a moderate climate. It is located 150 kilometres (93 mi) north of state capital Thiruvananthapuram.