Haldwani is the second most populous city, the largest commercial market in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. With a population of 556,078 in 2011, it is also the largest city of the Kumaon region. Haldwani is located in the Nainital District, and is one of its eight Subdivisions. The Haldwani Urban agglomeration has 10,32,095 people, and is the third most populous UA in Uttarakhand, after Dehradun and Haridwar. Being situated in the immediate foothils of Kumaon Himalayas, Haldwani is known as the "Gateway to Kumaon".