Akureyri is a town in northern Iceland. It is Iceland's fourth largest municipality, after Reykjavík, Hafnarfjörður and Kópavogur, and the largest town outside Iceland's heavily populated southwest corner. Nicknamed the Capital of North Iceland, Akureyri is an important port and fishing centre. The area where Akureyri is located was settled in the 9th century but did not receive a municipal charter until 1786. The town was the site of Allied units during World War II. Further growth occurred after the war as the Icelandic population increasingly moved to urban areas.